S. Patricio, A. Crus, K. Biernacki, J. Ventura, P. Eaton, A.L. Magalhaes, C. Moura, A. R. Hillman, C. Freire, Novel Layer-by-Layer Interfacial [Ni(salen)]−Polyelectrolyte Hybrid Films , Langmuir 2010, in press, doi:10.1021/la1006956


A novel multilayer film containing a cationic phosphonium-derivatized Ni(salen)-type complex and poly(sodium-4-styrenesulfonate (NaPSS) was assembled onto quartz, mica, and metal surfaces using the layer-by-layer (LbL) technique. Spectroscopic (UV−vis) and gravimetric (QCM) responses for the multilayer films show regular stepwise growth and the signature of strong electrostatic interactions between the component layers. The gravimetric responses indicate the presence of substantial additional (net neutral) material in the PSS layers, which XPS shows is not polyelectrolyte or salt, so charge compensation is intrinsic; we deduce the presence of space-filling solvent. Direct electrostatic interaction of the two-component layers is enhanced by a secondary noncovalent interaction between the delocalized π-systems of the two components. Permeability of the film to the redox probe [Fe(CN)6]3−/4− was studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Qualitatively similar results were obtained in the absence and presence of a precursor PSS/PAH multilayer, but with a general shift in kinetic and diffusional processes to longer time scales (lower frequencies) in the presence of the precursor layer and with increasing numbers of PSS/[Ni(salen)] bilayers. Quantitatively, the EIS data were interpreted using a capillary membrane model (CMM) to yield values of coverage, apparent charge transfer resistance, double-layer capacitance, pore size, and diffusion coefficient. The coverage values were consistent with a model in which there are no preferential growth sites and the surface charge density is independent of the number of bilayers.

Download link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la1006956

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